Classification of Yoga Postures has at all times been a dialogue in yogic tradition. Some yoga faculties classify yoga postures as STANDING, SITTING, LYING ON BACK & LYING ON STOMACH. Whereas some yoga college will classify as: FORWAD BENDING, BACKWARD BENDING, TWISTING, INVERSIONS, EXTENSIONS & BALANCING.
Right here I wish to put the standard view on classification of Yoga Postures, the place there are solely three classes as under:
Postures for Leisure
CULTURAL POSTURES: All yoga postures that assist to stretch the physique from numerous instructions/angles are often called cultural postures. By activating particular muscular tissues, ligament, tendons and nerves, the aim of cultural postures is to launch rigidity from each a part of our physique. The results of cultural postures are usually not restricted to the muscular tissues and joints, however additionally they stimulate our inside organs and helps us regulated the features of our inside organs. Consequently we do not solely achieve suppleness and power in our physique, but additionally get enhanced bodily wellbeing and an amazing sense of management. These postures will be very therapeutic as they assist in stopping numerous circumstances corresponding to again ache. All sort of ahead bend, backward bend, twisting, balancing, inversion, and extensions are Cultural postures. For instance: Pachimottasana (seated ahead bend), Bhunjasana (cobra pose), dhanurasana (bow pose), vrikshasana (tree pose), Ardhya-matysendrasana (Seated twisting), Shirshasana (Headstand) and many others. are cultural postures.
POSTURES FOR RELAXATION: The aim of those postures is to supply relaxation to the physique in between or/and after the follow of cultural postures. Historically there are solely 2 postures for rest: SHAVASANA (The Corpse Pose) & MAKARASANA (Crocodile Posture). Normally a typical Hatha Yoga session ends with Shavasana, because it gives an entire relaxation to the physique and the yoga practitioner feels extra refreshed and energized after the relatively feeling drained. In yogic custom, there’s nice significance of SHAVASANA because the follow of YOGA NIDRA (physic sleep) is finished in SHAVASANA. SHAVASANA can also be very therapeutic and it’s extremely advisable for many who undergo with hypertension, insomnia and many others. MAKRASANA (Crocodile Posture) is tremendously helpful for strengthening diaphragm so as to activate diaphragmatic respiration. Correct respiration actually means, residing joyfully and stay extra rigorously. Particularly within the trendy world, the place we do not breathe effectively, there’s nice significance of MAKARASANA for many who usually breathe by means of chest. We must always not neglect that (chest respiration produce nervousness and rigidity inside the physique). Diaphragmatic respiration can also be an amazing basis of PRANAYAMA and MEDITATION.
MEDITATIVE POSTURES: The aim of CULTURAL POSTURES and POSTURES FOR RELAXATION is to organize the physique for meditative posture. Meditative postures present good stability and luxury to the physique so as to sit longer with none bodily distractions throughout meditation. We should not neglect that bodily stability and luxury, each are complementary to one another. Stability within the meditative postures brings nice consolation and vice versa. Meditative postures helps to maintain the again straight by sustaining the pure bends of backbone. By retaining the again straight, we enable our diaphragm to maneuver freely and thus there isn’t a blockage within the power movement throughout meditation. One can select a snug meditative posture for meditation, which permits correct blood movement in direction of decrease half physique. There are complete of four MEDITATIVE POSTURES as per custom are: SUKHASANA, PADMASANA, SIDDHASANA & SWASTIKASANA
Be aware: Some traditions do suggest VAJRASANA (thunderbolt pose) as a meditative posture. However, historically it isn’t a meditative posture.